Rana Udai Singh II – reigned 1568-1572
The history behind a compelling city is seldom as beautiful as the city itself. When Maharana Udai Singh II founded the city of Udaipur, one can wonder what grandeur, he must have felt on discovering this truly gifted part of the planet. Udai Singh’s reign from his new capital was short and lasted only four years. The Maharana died in 1572 at the age of 42. He was survived by 25 legitimate sons among whom Udai had proclaimed his favorite son, Jagmal, as his successor. However, his nobles and chiefs politely removed Jagmal and hailed Pratap as the King of Mewar.
2. Maharana Pratap Singh – reigned 1572-1597
Maharana Pratap, the son of Maharana Udai Singh, is the only Rajput ruler who is celebrated throughout the country for his bravery and patriotism. He is popularly known in Rajasthan as Rana Kika or Mewari Singh. Maharana Pratap died at the age of 57, after sustaining an injury while hunting.
3. Rana Amar Singh I – reigned 1597-1620
Out of the 17 sons of Rana Pratap, Amar Singh was the eldest, and to him passed the overwhelming task of conquering Chittor. From his very childhood to the days of Pratap’s death, Amar had been a stable companion in his valiant father’s toils and troubles. A great warrior, he fulfilled his father’s last wish to capture the whole of Mewar; but not Chittor. Amar Singh remodelled his kingdom and revamped the functioning of his land.
4. Rana Karan Singh – reigned 1620-28
Karan Singh was the successor to the able son of Maharana Pratap, Rana Amar Singh, and mounted the throne of Mewar in 1620. Karan Singh has been depicted as a laid-back ruler, but lacked neither in courage nor in conduct. He mostly acted as a buffer between his self-righteous father and the Mughal court.
Rana Karan Singh died in 1628 just before the ascension of Shah Jahan and was succeeded by his son Rana Jagat Singh I.
5. Rana Jagat Singh I – reigned 1628-54
Maharana Jagat Singh was the 57th ruler of Mewar and succeeded Maharana Karan Singh II. He ruled for twenty-four years from Udaipur and tranquillity and prosperity continued in the kingdom during the period of Rana Jagat’s reign. He is known to be the greatest builder of the Mewar dynasty.
The famous Jagmandir Island Palace was finally completed in his rule, after its inception in 1551 by Maharana Amar Singh. It became the hot spot for the royal family as a summer resort and pleasure palace for holding parties.
6. Rana Raj Singh I – reigned 1654- 1681
The last independent Maharana of Mewar, Rana Raj Singh ascended the throne in 1654 and ruled during the reign of Aurangzeb. The famous legend of Princess Roopmati of the kingdom of Roopnagar is associated with him.
7. Maharana Jai Singh – reigned 1681-1700
Jai Singh (lion of victory) mounted the throne in 1681 after the death of his illustrious father Rana Raj Singh I. Although his father had long distanced himself from the Mughals, Jai Singh entered into a treaty with Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor.
8. Rana Amar Singh II – reigned 1700-16
Amar Singh II was quite similar in character and bravery like his distinguished namesake, Rana Amar Singh I. Amar Singh II took advantage of the declining Mughal power and entered into a private treaty with the Mughal heir apparent Shah Alam. His reign witnessed continuous revolts in the Mughal Empire and the rebel kingdoms of Amber and Marwar soon came to him for help. Rana Amar Singh II left behind a legacy of being an independent and virtuous prince who upheld his independence and the prosperity of his kingdom before the misrule of the Mughals.
9. Maharana Sangram Singh II – reigned 1716-34
Sangram Singh or the lion of battle succeeded Rana Amar Singh II in the year 1716 when the Mughal Empire was disintegrating. He ascended the throne about the same time as Muhammad Shah, who succeeded Farukhsiyyar, the Emperor. Sangram Singh II ruled for 18 years. He recovered the lost territories of Mewar and the kingdom soon regained its lost respect. His death in 1734 saw the emergence of the Maratha power during his successor Jagat Singh II’s rule.
Rana Jagat Singh II – reigned 1734-51
The eldest of the four sons of Sangram Singh, Jagat Singh II ascended the throne in 1734. He started his reign with the revival of the tripartite alliance formed by Rana Amar Singh II. Rana Jagat Singh II died in 1752 after a reign filled of misrule. He was more interested in the pleasures of life rather than governing his kingdom. A great patron of the arts, he enlarged his palaces, erected villages all over the valley and conceived most of the festivals that are still celebrated in Udaipur.
1 Rana Pratap Singh II – reigned 1752-55
Rana Pratap II (1752-55), nowhere near his illustrious namesake, succeeded Jagat Singh in the year 1752. He ruled merely for three years, marked only by repeated invasions of the Marathas. He married a daughter of Raja Jai Singh of Amber from whom he begot a son who later succeeded him. On his death the order of succession was reversed and his uncle, Rana Ari Singh occupied the throne in 1762.
Rana Raj Singh II – reigned 1755-62
With the decline of the Mughal Empire at the center, the history of Indian sub-continent was at a crucial juncture, on the verge of marking a new beginning. Maharana Raj Singh II ruled for seven years from Udaipur. While Maharana Raj Singh continued with inadequacies, his sudden death at the age of eighteen years without any heir made circumstances more critical.